Advanced cultivation of parwal vegetable Gardening Tips For Beginners

Many people like gardening at kitchen, and it’s easy to understand why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and methods to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some useful home gardening advice in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.

Parwal FarmingParwal Farming

Parwal is used as a vegetable. Parwal is a very popular vegetable in . In today’s time, farmers are earning a lot of profit by cultivating Parwal, you too can easily earn thousands of lakhs by cultivating Parwal. Parwal is generally cultivated throughout the year. It is commonly grown in Bihar, West Bengal, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and it is also grown in some gardens in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Assam and Maharashtra. Vitamins are found in plenty in Parwal. Its demand is also high in the market and let us know how to cultivate Parwal.


Hot climate is considered good for Parwal cultivation. Good production is obtained from the cultivation of Parwal in hot areas. That’s why parwal can be easily cultivated in hot climate. It is grown very little in cold areas, that is, it is cultivated very little in cold areas.

selection of land

Parwal is cultivated well in hot and humid climate areas, it is rarely grown in cold areas, but sandy or loamy soil with proper drainage is considered the best for it, because its vines do not tolerate water stagnation. It is able to do this, so it should be cultivated at high places where there is proper drainage system.

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land preparation

If it is to be planted in high ground, then 3 plowing should be done with local plow and after that it should be leveled. Keeping a distance of 1.5 m from plant to plant, 30 x 30 x 30 cm deep pit should be dug and 5 kg of cow dung should be mixed in the soil. should give.


Two types of species are found in Parwal, the first regional species such as Bihar Sharif, Dandali, Gulli, Kalyani, Niriya, Santokhia and Sopari Safeda etc. are the second progressive species such as F. p.1, f. p.3, f. P.4, H. P.1, H. P.3, H. P.4 and H. P.5 along with it Chhota Hilli, Faizabad Parwal 1 , 3 , 4 and Chesk Selection 1 and 2 along with it Chesk Hybrid 1 and 2 and Swarna Alokik, Swarna Rekha and Sankolia etc.

latest varieties

Narendra Parwal 260

Narendra Parwal 307

Narendra Parwal601

Narendra Parwal 604

planting and sowing

Parwal is produced by roots which are called suckers or transplanted by cuttings. Propagation or transplanting can be done easily by cuttings, by this the crop is prepared quickly. At a distance such as 4500 to 5000 at a distance of one meter to one and a half meters and 3000 to 4000 cuttings or pieces per hectare at a distance of one meter to two meters. It is planted on pits or drains at a depth of 8 to 10 cm and on flat land at a depth of 3 to 5 cm. The ratio of female and male is kept in cuttings of 10:1. Parwal is sown twice a year and in the second fortnight of June. And in the second fortnight of August, parwal is planted on the banks of rivers in the month of October to November.

Manure and Fertilizer Management

At the rate of fertilizer per hectare for Parwal cultivation-

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Well rotten cow dung manure – 250 to 300 quintals

Nitrogen – 90 to 100 kg.

Phosphorus – 60 to 70 kg.

Potas-40 to 50 kg.

Well rotten cow dung manure should be mixed well with the preparation of the field. After that Nitrogen 90 kg. Phosphorus 60 kg. Phosphorus and 40 kg. Potash should be given in the field at the rate of per hectare. Full quantity of Phosphorus and Potash and half quantity of Nitrogen should be given along with the preparation of the field, the rest of the Nitrogen should be given at the time of flowering in the plant. Similarly, in the second year also cow dung manure and nitrogen, potash and phosphorus should be given to the plants as per requirement.


After transplanting cuttings or roots, irrigation should be done according to moisture, if required, first irrigation should be done within 8 to 10 days. But irrigation is required after 15 to 20 days in winter and after 10 to 12 days in summer, along with this irrigation should be done as per requirement in rainy season.

weed control

At the end of winter, the land near the roots of the plants should be pulverized by weeding, since the vines keep spreading upwards, so the weeds are not very effective.

pest control

Many insects harm the Parwal crop. But fruit fly and pod beetle are especially harmful.

fruit fly

The fly bores holes in the fruits and lays eggs in them, due to which the fruits rot, sometimes this fly also harms the flowers.


Put 5 kg neem leaves, 3 kg datura leaves and 450 grams tobacco leaves, 1 kg jaggery and 25 grams asafetida in 20 liters of cow urine and keep it in the shade for three days and sprinkle it in the field.

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pod beetle

It is a gray colored beetle which damages the leaves by making holes in them.


Put 5 kg neem leaves, 3 kg datura leaves and 500 grams tobacco leaves, 1 kg jaggery and 30 grams asafetida in 20 liters of cow urine, keep it in the shade for three days and sprinkle it in the field.

powdery mildew

This disease is caused by a type of fungus, due to which fungus accumulates on the leaves and stems and the leaves turn yellow and wither and die.


Put 5 kg neem leaves, 3 kg datura leaves and 460 grams tobacco leaves, 1 kg jaggery, 20 grams asafetida in 20 liters of cow urine, keep it in the shade for three days and sprinkle it in the field.


For more production of Parwal, its vines have to be pruned, now the question arises before us that when to prune the vines, the appropriate time to prune it is to take the first year’s crop in November-December to a height of 20-30 cm. Leaving all the vines should be cut because at this time the plant remains in a dormant state, leaving 30 cm space near the stem, the whole field should be hoeed. It starts to take effect.

yield of Parwal

Parwal’s yield is at the rate of 80 to 100 quintals per hectare in a year. But it depends on the method of sowing. If the plants are taken care of properly, the yield is obtained at the rate of 150 to 190 quintals per hectare for about 4 years.

Manish Kumar Meena and 1 Jagdish Prasad Rathore

Department of Floriculture, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar; Rajasthan

1Department of Fruit Science, Asher-e-Kashmir University of Agriculture and Technology. Kashmir e Shalimar e Srinagar

Email :

Phone no. : 09103133355

English Summary: Parwal Article Published on: 21 May 2018, 01:22 IST