Bitter Gourd Farming: Choose these advanced varieties in bitter gourd farming… Gardening Tips For Novice

Many people like gardening at balcony, and it’s easy to understand why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and tactics to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some useful home gardening advice in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.

bitter gourdBitter gourd tastes bitter, but it is a famous n vegetable with bitter taste.

Bitter gourd is such a vegetable which is known for its properties. The taste of bitter gourd is definitely bitter, but it is a famous n fruit vegetable with bitter taste. Bitter gourd is very beneficial for health. It is also known by the names Karvelak, Karvellika, Karel, Kareli and Karle etc.

Appropriate time for cultivation: Bitter gourd is being cultivated in for centuries. Apart from this, it can be grown in any season.

Suitable land and climate for cultivation: Bitter gourd can be grown on almost any land. But loamy soil is considered good for growing bitter gourd. Bitter gourd cultivation requires cool and humid climate.

Varieties: There are many varieties of bitter gourd. Pusa 2 Seasonal, Coimbatore Clove, Arka Harit, Kalyan Pur Barah Masi, Hisar Selection, C 16, Pusa Special, Faizabadi Barah Masi, R.H.B.B.G. 4, K.B.G.16, Pusa Sankar 1, P.V.I.G. 1.

Read Also  This person from Kerala grew many types of fruits and vegetables in pots, know the technique? Gardening Tips For New Starter

Seed quantity and time: 5-7 kg seed per hectare. Sufficient is 2-3 seeds from one place 2.5-5. Mr. Seeds should be sown at a depth of 100 cm. Before sowing, the seeds should be soaked in water for 24 hours, due to which germination is quick and good. Bitter gourd is sown from February 15 to February 30 (summer season) and July 15 to July 30 (rainy season).

Sowing of seeds is done in 2 ways

(1) By direct seed planting

(2) by planting saplings

Fertilizer: For good yield in bitter gourd crop, it is very important to have organic manure, compost manure in it. While preparing the field, add 40-50 quintals of cow dung manure while preparing the field. A mixture of 125 kg of ammonium sulphate or farmer’s manure, 150 kg of superphosphate and 50 kg of Muriate of Potash and folidal powder 3 percent 15 kg is mixed at the rate of 500 grams per pit before sowing the seeds. Mix 125 kg of ammonium sulphate or other fertilizers well in the soil near the plants at the time of flowering.

When the crop is 25-30 days old, mix neem decoction with cow urine and prepare the mixture well and spray it at an interval of every 15-20 days. White grubs cause a lot of damage to plants in crops.

It is found inside the ground and eats the roots of the plants, due to which the plants dry up. To prevent this, use neem manure in the fields. Chemical insecticides are poisonous. Use with caution. Use of medicines should be stopped 10 to 15 days before harvesting.

Read Also  These 3 varieties of plums are being sold for Rs 180 a kg, they do not spoil for 3 weeks Gardening Tips For Beginners

Irrigation: Irrigation is very important for good yield of bitter gourd. Irrigation of crops is also based on rain. Weeding of bitter gourd should be done from time to time. Whenever there is shortage of moisture in the fields, irrigate the fields. Remove the weeds from the field so that more fruits and flowers are planted.

Harvesting: Harvesting should always be done when the crop is soft, it becomes hard when the crop is kept for a long time. And after going to the market, people do not even like to buy from it, usually the fruits are ready for harvesting after 70-90 days of sowing. Harvesting should be done 2 to 3 times in a week.

English Summary: Selection of these advanced varieties in the cultivation of bitter gourd … Published on: 04 June 2018, 04:11 IST