Many people like gardening at patio, and it’s easy to understand why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and tactics to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some helpful home gardening information in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
If you are a farmer or a gardener, then you must be well aware that many problems keep coming in agriculture or horticulture. The most important of these are pests and diseases (plant diseases). Yes, if you have grown something with your hard work, but plant diseases and pests affect your crop, then all your hard work can go in vain. Sometimes you get less production in this and sometimes the whole crop gets wasted. In such a situation, it is very important to get rid of them. In this episode, today we are going to tell you that if you cultivate pomegranate, then what kind of pests and diseases occur in it. Along with this, tell how you can prevent them.
These are the pests and diseases affecting pomegranate
The pests suck the sap from the young branches and flowers. The leaves shrink in this.
Prevention- In the initial outbreak, 2 ml of Profenaphos-50 or Dimethoate-30. Dissolve the quantity per liter of water and sprinkle it.
Pomegranate plants have more termite infestation in roots and stems in dry areas. This dries up the plants and stunts growth.
Prevention- Mix 50 grams of methyl parathion powder in the filling mixture of each pit while planting the plants. Spray chlorpyriphos insecticide even while irrigation.
The adult butterfly engaged in pomegranate cultivation lays eggs on its flowers and small fruits, from which caterpillars come out and eat the seeds by entering inside the fruits.
Prevention- To prevent this, the gardener should destroy the affected fruits. In such a situation, it would be better to keep the fruits covered with net or cloth. Along with this, spray 0.05 percent endosulfan solution 2-3 times at an interval of 15 days.
The caterpillars that come out of this harm the plant by making holes in its branches.
Prevention- To control this, gardeners destroy them by putting wire in the holes. Along with wire, petrol or kerosene can also be used with the help of cotton. Along with this, put 2-3 ml of Newwan (DDVP) in the hole of the stem and close it with lime or soil.
Its outbreak is visible on the branches and bark of the stem. In this, the growth of plants stops and the production capacity decreases.
Prevention- Gardeners remove extra plants from the garden and put petrol or kerosene in the holes with the help of cotton and close them.
Brown-black spots appear on the leaves and fruits of trees due to excess moisture. Due to its outbreak, leaves start falling and fruits also start rotting.
Prevention- Gardeners pluck and destroy the affected fruits. Along with this, in case of outbreak, spray copper oxychloride 4 grams, mancozeb and zineb 2 grams per liter of water at an interval of 15 days.
In this, the leaves start falling after shrinking. This has a bad effect on the photosynthesis process of plants. The growth and fruiting process of plants stops. By the way, the possibility of this disease is more in September.
Prevention – Pomegranate gardeners sprinkle Omite or Ethiol dissolved in 2 ml per liter of water at an interval of 15 days.
English Summary: how to get rid of plant diseases and pests in pomegranate farming Published on: 30 April 2020, 04:47 IST