Earn more than 10 lakh per hectare from gladiolus cultivation Gardening Tips For Beginners

Many people like gardening at home, and it’s easy to learn why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and methods to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some helpful home gardening suggestions in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.

Gladiolus flower occupies the main place due to its beauty, blooming of flowers one by one in the stalk, different sizes and colors and staying in the right condition for a long time in the vase. Commercially, it is grown for cut flower production, but it is also planted in beds and pots to beautify the garden. Cut flowers are mainly used for bouquet, table decoration and interior decoration.

There are mainly two types of gladiolus, one with large flowers and the other with small flowers. Butterfly In many varieties, the center of the flower is called blotch. It is of other color due to which its beauty increases.

main varieties

If commercially produced –

Friendship White, Feudship Pink, Watermelon Pink, Lily Asker, Jackson, Vis-Vis, Eurovision. Major varieties developed in –

Aarti, Apsara, Agni Rekha, Sapna, Shobha, Suchitra, Mohini, Manohar, Mayur, Mukta, Manisha, Manhar.

Propagation of Gladiolus

Gladiolus is propagated from tubers. Tuber about 3-5 cm. Should be of diameter. Ladunuma shaped tubers have been found to be better than flattened tubers. Many small tubers called caramel are prepared from one tuber. But they are too small to be planted. Therefore, they have to be transplanted 2-3 times only after that the tubers of the right size can be obtained.

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The appropriate time for planting tubers is September and October. After digging, the tubers remain dormant for about three months. Therefore, do not plant them in dormant state, otherwise they will not germinate. Before transplanting, tubers should be transplanted only after removing the brown colored outer skin and treating them in 0.2 percent captan or 0.1 percent benlet solution for 30 minutes. It would be better if the tubers are germinated and transplanted. For this, the tuber should be kept in a tray filled with sand in a dark and warm place. Keep the sand moist and cover the tray with polythene. For commercial farming, the tubers are 20-30 × 15-20 or 25 × 15 cm. At a distance of 5-10 cm. Plant deeply. For preparation of exhibition hayto spike, large size tubers (50-7.5 cm. in diameter) are divided into 30 × 20 cm. But it should be planted. If transplanting of tubers is done several times at an interval of 20-25 days, then spikes are obtained continuously for a long time.

manure and fertilizers

To get good yield of Gladiolus, then 20-25 kg per square meter of land. Compost, 15-30 grams Nitrogen, 10-15 grams Phosphorous and 15-20 grams Potash should be given. The full amount of compost, phosphorus and potash and one-fourth of nitrogen should be given at the time of transplanting, while the remaining amount of nitrogen should be given in equal amounts in three times, first when 3-4 leaves appear in the first plant, second time at the time of spike and last. Once the flowering is over. The last dose of nitrogen is given for proper growth of tubers.

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other verbs

Keep the field free from weeds, as well as apply soil twice on the root, once at the stage of three-four leaves, the second time when the spikes start coming out and irrigate as needed. Mainly spikes have started coming out and irrigate as per requirement. Mainly there should be no moisture deficiency at the time of spike emergence.

plant support

When the spike (flower’s frost) starts coming out, at the same time the spike of the bamboo strip should neither become crooked nor bend towards the ground or fall.

spike harvesting

As soon as the color of the lowermost flower appears, after cutting the spike with the help of a sharp knife or secateur, clean the vase and decorate the spike by filling it with clean water. From the second day, daily or at an interval of one day, spike 1.5 cm from the bottom. Keep cutting and change the water and fill it with clean water. In favorable conditions, all the flowers of the spike bloom slowly and can be easily kept in a vase for at least a week.

Digging and storage of tubers

If the spike is not cut from the plant and it is allowed to bloom fully to provide beauty in the bed or pot, then keep in mind that seeds should not be formed on the plant, otherwise the tuber will be damaged. When the leaves turn yellow or brown and start drying, dig up the tuber and caramel with the help of a spade. After digging the tuber, treat it with 02 percent Bavistin/Captan or 0.1 percent Benlet solution for 30 minutes, dry it in a shady place for 2-3 weeks and store it in a wooden box or jute bag in a ventilated and cool room. If 400 cm in cold storage. But it would be best if stored.

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insects and diseases

Gladiolus is more damaged than thrips, for this spray 0.3% Sevin or 0.1% Malathion or 0.15% Nuvacran solution at an interval of 15-20 days. Sometimes these insects also damage the tubers during storage. Therefore, it is beneficial to spray 2-3 times as per requirement even at the time of storage.

Gladiolus is commonly affected by two mainly soil-borne diseases, Stromatonia gladioli and Fusarium amsisporum. Due to its effect, the tubers rot. To prevent this disease, choose a disease-free center and before planting the tuber, with 0.2 percent captan or in hot water 48 ° C. Must be treated up to 30 meters. Spray 0.25 percent Indofil M-45 to prevent disease in standing crop.


With proper crop management, about 2-2.5 lakh flower stalks can be obtained from one hectare area.

English Summary: Earn more than one million per hectare from the cultivation of gladioles Published on: 23 May 2018, 05:20 IST