10 Expert Tips for Mustard Green Growing and Caring for Nutritious

Mustard green are a delicious and nutritious addition to any garden or plate. Not only do they add a peppery flavor to salads, soups, and stir-fries, but they are also a great source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium, iron, and fiber. In this article, we will discuss how to grow and care for mustard green, from selecting the right variety to harvesting and storing your crop.

How to Grow and Care for Mustard Green – Tips and FAQs

Learn how to grow and care for mustard green with our expert tips and frequently asked questions. Discover the best growing conditions, care practices, and harvesting techniques to ensure a healthy and bountiful crop of delicious and nutritious green.

Table of Contents

  • Understanding Mustard Green
  • Selecting the Right Variety
  • Preparing Your Soil
  • Planting Mustard Green
  • Watering and Fertilizing Mustard Green
  • Controlling Pests and Diseases
  • Harvesting Mustard Greens
  • Storing Mustard Greens
  • Tips for Growing Mustard Greens
  • Frequently Asked Questions

Understanding Mustard Green

Mustard greens belong to the Brassica family, which also includes cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. They are a cool-season crop that grows best in temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Mustard greens come in many different varieties, from the small, tender leaves of the Japanese mustard to the large, crinkly leaves of the Southern giant.

Selecting the Right Variety

When selecting a variety of mustard greens, consider your climate and the flavor you prefer. If you live in a cooler climate, choose a variety that is more cold-tolerant, such as the Chinese or Japanese mustard. If you prefer a milder flavor, choose a variety with smaller, tender leaves, such as the Southern curled or green wave.

Preparing Your Soil

Mustard greens prefer a well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Before planting, amend your soil with compost or well-rotted manure to provide the necessary nutrients. Mustard greens also prefer a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.5. Test your soil’s pH and adjust if necessary.

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Planting Mustard Green

Plant mustard greens in early spring or late summer, depending on your climate. Sow seeds directly into the ground, spacing them 6 to 12 inches apart and 1/4 inch deep. Water well and keep the soil moist until the seeds germinate, which should take 7 to 14 days. Once the seedlings are a few inches tall, thin them to a spacing of 6 to 8 inches apart.

Watering and Fertilizing Mustard Green

Mustard greens need consistent moisture to thrive, but be careful not to overwater them. Water deeply once or twice a week, depending on rainfall, and avoid getting water on the leaves to prevent diseases. Fertilize with a balanced fertilizer once a month or side-dress with compost.

Controlling Pests and Diseases

Mustard greens are relatively pest-free, but they can be susceptible to flea beetles and aphids. Control these pests by using row covers or spraying with neem oil. Mustard greens can also be susceptible to diseases such as downy mildew and white rust. Practice good sanitation by removing infected plants and debris, and avoid overhead watering.

Harvesting Mustard Green

Mustard greens can be harvested when the leaves are young and tender, usually 4 to 6 weeks after planting. Cut the outer leaves first, leaving the inner leaves to continue growing. You can also harvest the entire plant at once if you prefer. If you want to extend your harvest, plant successive crops every 2 to 3 weeks.

Storing Mustard Green

Store freshly harvested mustard greens in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for up to a week. To preserve them for longer, blanch and freeze them in airtight containers.

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Tips for Growing Mustard Green

  • Plant mustard greens in a location that receives partial shade in hotter climates.
  • Mulch around the plants to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  • Watch out for bolting, or the plant going to seed, which can cause the leaves to become bitter. Harvest the leaves before the plant begins to flower.
  • Rotate your crops to prevent diseases from building up in the soil.
  • Consider companion planting with herbs such as dill or chamomile, which can attract beneficial insects and repel pests.
  • Water regularly and consistently to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  • Fertilize with a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer once a month.
  • Remove any damaged or yellowing leaves to promote healthy growth.
  • Control weeds to prevent competition for nutrients and water.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases and take action promptly if detected.

Growing mustard greens is a rewarding experience that can provide you with a tasty and nutritious crop. With proper care and attention, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of tender, flavorful greens.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take for mustard greens to grow?

Mustard greens usually take 4 to 6 weeks to reach maturity, but this can vary depending on the variety and growing conditions.

Can I grow mustard greens in containers?

Yes, mustard greens can be grown in containers as long as they are large enough to accommodate the mature plant and have good drainage.

How do I know when my mustard greens are ready to harvest?

Harvest the outer leaves of the plant when they are young and tender, leaving the inner leaves to continue growing. The leaves can be harvested when they are 3 to 6 inches long.

Can I freeze mustard greens?

Yes, mustard greens can be blanched and frozen in airtight containers for up to 8 months.

How do I prevent pests from damaging my mustard greens?

Control pests such as flea beetles and aphids by using row covers or spraying with neem oil. Practice good sanitation and avoid overhead watering to prevent diseases such as downy mildew and white rust.

How often should I water my mustard greens?

Mustard greens should be watered deeply once or twice a week, depending on the weather and soil conditions. The soil should be moist but not waterlogged.

Can I grow mustard greens year-round?

Mustard greens prefer cool weather and can be grown year-round in temperate climates. In hot climates, they can be grown as a fall or winter crop.

Can I eat mustard greens raw?

Yes, mustard greens can be eaten raw in salads or sandwiches. However, they have a stronger flavor when cooked.

How do I store harvested mustard greens?

Harvested mustard greens can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week. Wash and dry the leaves thoroughly before storing them in a plastic bag with a damp paper towel.

How do I revive wilted mustard greens?

Revive wilted mustard greens by soaking them in a bowl of ice water for 10 to 15 minutes. Then, pat them dry with a paper towel before using them in your recipes.


Growing and caring for mustard greens can be a fulfilling and delicious experience. By following these tips and guidelines, you can ensure a healthy and productive crop of tasty greens. Remember to provide adequate water, nutrients, and protection from pests and diseases, as well as to harvest the leaves at the right time to prevent bitterness. With a little care and attention, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of tender, flavorful mustard greens.

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