Many people like gardening at balcony, and it’s easy to learn why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and methods to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some helpful home gardening advice in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
Planting different crops on a certain area, in a certain sequence, at a certain time is called crop rotation. Its purpose is to make good use of the edible elements of the plants and to establish balance in the physical, chemical and biological conditions of the land. Means growing two or more crops in a field in a year by planning one after the other.
Factors affecting crop rotation:
Climate related factors: The main factors of climate are temperature, rain, wind and humidity. These factors affect the climate, due to which the crop cycle is also affected. On the basis of climate, crops are mainly divided into three classes, such as Kharif. Rabi, Zayed.
Soil related factors: Soil related factors include soil type, soil fertility, soil reactivity, drainage, physical condition of soil etc. All these factors have a profound effect on the yield of the crop.
Means of irrigation: Crop cycle should be adopted according to the availability of irrigation water. If the availability of water for irrigation is less.
How to make land fertile by crop rotation?
Different crops should be included in the crop cycle according to the requirement. In this, special care should be taken in the selection of crops. There should be at least one crop of pulses in a year, so that the health of the soil remains good. There is a balance of nutrients in the soil and more quality production. With the help of crop rotation, the chemical, physical and biological properties of the soil can be increased. The average soil erosion of a piece of land can be controlled by doing agriculture according to the crop cycle. The crop rotation method is also used to reduce the overpopulation of pests and eliminate the life cycle of pests. Crop rotation method increases the amount of organic matter in the soil, as a result of which the absorption capacity of the soil increases. Through this method, the fertility of the soil also increases. It is possible to control soil erosion and loss of sediments through crop rotation by doing good tillage.
crop circle rules
There are some rules of crop cycle which can be adopted to maintain soil fertility like:
Food crops should be sown after pulse crops.
Glands are found in the roots of pulse crops, in which Rhizobium bacteria are found. With the presence of hemoglobin, it stabilizes atmospheric nitrogen. For example gram, maize, pigeon pea, wheat, fenugreek, cotton, moong, wheat, cowpea, jowar etc. For this reason pulse crop must be taken in any season out of Rabi, Kharif or Zayed. Nutrient requirements of pulses and pulse crops are also different. In pulse crops, the requirement of nitrogen is less and phosphorus is more, while the demand of nitrogen in pulse crops is more than that of phosphorus. If adhani crops are grown after pulse crops, then a lot of demand for nutrients can be met. The research also revealed that groundnut cultivation has benefited 40 kg and moong cultivation 25 kg of nitrogen per hectare.
Shallow rooted crop should have been grown after deep rooted crop, on the contrary, by growing crops with this arrangement, nutrients, water and salts from different layers of the land are used properly. Like cotton, fenugreek, pigeon pea, wheat, etc.
Water demanding crop followed by less water demanding crop
There is a close relationship between water and air in the soil and when the amount of one decreases, the amount of the other component increases in the same proportion. By growing more water demanding crops in the field continuously, the soil water level will increase. The development of plant roots is affected and other adverse effects occur. Therefore, in the crop cycle, the crop which needs less irrigation and the crop which needs more irrigation should be grown in a sequence. Like sugarcane, barley, paddy, gram or peas etc.
Crops that require less nutrients should be grown after crops requiring more nutrients. By planting crops requiring more nutrients continuously in the same land, the soil’s fertility gets depleted quickly and the cost of cultivation goes on increasing. Hence crops requiring less nutrients should be followed by crops requiring more nutrients. Like potato, cowpea, sugarcane, potato, pumpkin etc. crop circle.
Cultivation of crops that require low traction operations is followed by crops requiring high tillage or weeding, etc. This type of crop rotation maintains the structure of the soil and also reduces the cost. Apart from this, more production can be obtained by using the resources used in Nindaigudai in other crops.
Like maize, potato, onion, sugarcane, moong etc.
In the crop cycle of two to three years, the field should be left vacant or fallow once. By leaving the land fallow in the crop cycle, continuous decline in the fertility of the land can be avoided. Nitrogen is found in abundance in fallow soil. Therefore, the field must be left vacant once before planting crops that require more nutrients, such as maize, wheat, moong, sorghum, gram, wheat, or a three-year crop cycle.
Densely sown crop should be grown after the crop sown in far apart rows. Soil erosion is reduced by planting intensive and land covering crop during rainy days, whereas soil erosion is more due to the crop sown in far apart rows. Is . Therefore, such crops should be manipulated so that soil erosion and fertility loss can be stopped. Like soybean wheat.
In the crop cycle of two to three years, green manure crops should be taken once in Kharif, this type of successful cycle maintains the fertility of the land, which stabilizes atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. 40-50 kg nitrogen per hectare is fixed in the soil by green manure. For this, crops like Sanai, Dhaincha, Moong, Urd etc. can be used. Vegetable crops should be included in the crop cycle, this need is being fulfilled. Therefore, for this one of the crops of Kharif Rabi or Zayed should be vegetable. Like potato, onion, brinjal, tomato etc.
Oilseed crops should be included in the crop cycle, keeping in mind the requirement of the house, such a crop cycle should be prepared in which one crop is oil.
Like mustard, groundnut etc.
Crops affected by the same type of diseases should not be grown continuously in the same field, so that the crops do not have to suffer. By adopting good crop rotation, crops can be saved from many diseases, such as in gram and pigeon pea, the above disease can be prevented by planting in a field at an interval of 1-2 years.
The crop cycle should be such that proper use of the resources available throughout the year should be kept in mind while determining the crop cycle that the resources available with the farmer such as land, labour, capital, irrigation etc. should be utilized throughout the year and the needs of the farmer should be met. Continued through the crops included in the crop cycle.
The crop rotation should be based on the area problem:
If the land is sloping, then soil erosion reduces by covering the land. By including these types of crops in the crop cycle, the loss due to evaporation of soil water can be prevented. This type of crop is also beneficial for those areas where there is problem of soil erosion. Due to soil erosion, the fertile soil and nutrients get washed away along with the water in the sloping land. Under these circumstances grassy and pulse crops should be included in the crop cycle. The roots of these crops have the power to bind soil particles.
Crop rotation for low water or rainfed areas:
Even in areas with less water, soil fertility can be maintained by adopting crop rotation. Where there is scarcity of water, less water-requiring crops like millet, barley, lentils, gram etc. should be included in the crop cycle. Along with production in less water from this type of crops, the fertility of the land also remains.
in Udaipur division
1) Moong – Wheat
2) Unhalu Moong-Jowar-Wheat
3) Soybean – Wheat
4) Maize-gram crop rotation gives good results.
benefits of crop rotation
Increase in soil fertility.
Pests foot control.
Development of soil structure.
employment to the family.
Reasonable price of products.
Tikendra Kumar Yadav Nupur Sharma
(Department of Agricultural Sciences)
English Summary: How to make land fertility through crop circle and crop selection … Published on: 24 May 2018, 05:21 IST