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There are various agro-climatic zones in the state of Chhattisgarh and Chhattisgarh has been divided into 3 agro-climatic zones. Since the beginning, agriculture has got a prominent place in the state of Chhattisgarh. Paddy crop is an integral part of the glorious tradition of the state. In the present era of globalization, it has become extremely necessary to adopt agriculture in a complete and equal manner. The main objective is to make farming more sustainable and quality first through crop diversification. Preparing products according to the demand of the market is a great necessity today, it is a big challenge for the farmers to keep themselves sustainable in the tough competition.
Along with the production of the crop, its proper management is also necessary. Good profit can also be earned by value addition of crops. Along with the cultivation of grains, vegetables, fruits and flowers, you can earn a good profit by producing spices crops. Today agriculture is known as one of the most important industry.
The total geographical area of Chhattisgarh is 137.90 lakh hectares, which is 4.15 percent of the total area of the country. The forest area here is about 41.8 percent. 57 percent of the soil is light to medium heavy. The average rainfall here is 1188 mm. And the area under irrigation is about 33-34 percent. The total number of farmers is 37.46 lakh. Out of which 32 percent are Scheduled Tribes and 12 percent are Scheduled Castes. Of the total farmers, 55 percent are marginal farmers, who own 19 percent of the land. 22 percent of the farmers have 23 percent of the land. The percentage of other small farmers is 23. Who have 58 percent land.
The climate of Chhattisgarh state is 3 major agricultural region climate, the plain of Chhattisgarh is 51.0% Bastar Plateau 28.0% Northern mountain region 21.0%. The major geographical area of the state is located in Agro-Ecological Zone 2. Chhattisgarh Mahanadi Basin Agro-ecological Zones J.3, C.3 and Garnam. Dry sub moist genetic ecological sub region, heavy loam, clayey red soil and yellow soil, medium available water resources. Length of crop period is 150-180 days. Out of 52 spices in agro-climatic zones, presently 8 spice crops are grown in Chhattisgarh. Other spice crops are not being grown due to lack of proper information.
According to Agriculture Statistics 2017 Ch. Directorate of Agriculture Chhattisgarh in the state. According to the Government Raipur Ch. Chilli is grown in the maximum area in 36410 hectares. After this, coriander 18861 hectare, ginger 11595 hectare, turmeric 10542 hectare, garlic 3995 hectare, fenugreek 3817 hectare, ginger 11595 hectare, ajwain 152 hectare, karyat 148 hectare and other 11097 hectare is the area of crops. Most of the spice crops can be grown with low cost and less irrigation and more profit can be earned as compared to traditional crops. At present more profit can be earned than these crops, because at present the market value of these crops is high. There is a need to expand the area of cumin, fennel, fennel, khova, mint, tulsi, sal soon, they should be tested in the agro-climatic region of the state and it is necessary to develop agricultural technology.
The production capacity of the spice crops currently being produced in Chhattisgarh is very less as compared to other states. The main reason for this is the research dissemination of these crops in Chhattisgarh, the program has less resources. In which according to the agricultural climate of Chhattisgarh varieties have not been selected and agricultural techniques have not been developed. Along with this, most of the areas of the state are backward and less aware due to being forested. Therefore, there is a need for intensive, research and dissemination for the development of spices in Chhattisgarh. In order to increase the area and production of spice crops, there is a need for exhibition on the territories of the farmers. Along with this, it is necessary to pay attention to proper processing, storage, marketing arrangements so that farmers can get fair price.
Pradeep Kumar Sahu (M.Sc. Horticulture), Hemant Kumar (Floristic & Landscape Science), Lalit Kumar Verma, Sonu Diwakar, (M.Sc. Horticulture) B.S. Asati (Department of Vegetable Science) I.S. Naruka (Department. Plantation spices medicinal and Aromatic crops), Pandit Kishori Lal Shukla Horticulture College and Research Center, Rajnandgaon.(Chhattisgarh)
English Summary: In this state spice plants have the potential for cultivation, the farmers can take advantage of Published on: 29 September 2018, 07:12 IST