Many people like gardening at balcony, and it’s easy to understand why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and tactics to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some useful home gardening information in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
Cultivation of Moong Crop
Moong is a major pulse crop grown in Kharif. Moong cultivation in was done in 3.83 million hectares during the year 2015-16 and the production was 1.6 million tonnes. Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Tamil Nadu are the leading states in moong production.
Moong can be cultivated in Kharif, Rabi and Zayed seasons. Significant progress has been made in the production of moong in the last years. The production in the year 1964-65 was about 0.60 million tonnes, which increased to 1.60 million tonnes in the year 2015-16. In the last year, scientists got success in developing disease resistant varieties of short duration. These species can be grown in different crop rotations. Moong can be planted in the wheat-paddy crop cycle if there is proper arrangement of water. Moong is cultivated in irrigated areas in Zayed.
In Kharif, moong is mainly planted in non-irrigated areas. Protein, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients are available in abundance in moong grains. Moong is used to make Daal, Vada, Sambhar, Idli, Badi, Pakora and other food items.
Recommended varieties of Moong for Kharif season:
Selection of land:- PH indifferent to moong cultivation. All light to heavy soils with pH 7 are suitable. There should be proper drainage system in the fields and the fields should be lightly sloping. Saline, alkaline and acidic land is not suitable for moong.
Land preparation: Plowing the field with soil turning plough, the field should be plowed two to three times with local plow or tractor as soon as the monsoon starts. For the control of termites and other insects, use 1.5 percent Chloropyriphos powder at the rate of 20 kg per hectare. After ploughing, cover the field with planks and level it. The moisture in the field is maintained by applying the pata.
Selection of species:- Purchase the seeds ahead of time by selecting the species recommended for the particular season in the area. Purchase the seeds from proper place so that you can get high quality seeds. Do proper storage of purchased seeds.
Seed treatment: Before sowing, treat the seeds at the rate of 2 grams of Carbendazim per kg of seeds. Before sowing, treat the treated seeds with rhizobium and PSB culture at the rate of 5-10 grams per kilogram of seed.
Seed Rate and Sowing:- Moong can be sown from 15th July to 5th August. Varieties of short duration can be sown late. Healthy and good quality seeds should be sown after treatment. Sowing should be done in rows, sowing in rows makes weeding easier. Ensure row to row distance of 30 cm and plant to plant distance of 10 cm.
Use of fertilizers: Being a pulse crop, Moong requires less nitrogen. The glands found in the roots of moong stabilize nitrogen from the atmosphere. Fertilizers should be used as per the recommendations after soil test. Moong requires 20 kg nitrogen, 40 kg phosphorus and 20 kg potash per hectare. The entire dose of fertilizers should be applied near the seed at a depth of 5-7 cm in the rows along with the sowing.
Weed control:- Weeds can be controlled by plowing after 10-15 days of germination. Weed control can be done by weeding and weeding. Pendimethalin 30 EC immediately after sowing. should be used. It controls broad leaf weeds.
Crop protection:- Use recommended disease resistant varieties for sowing. Treat seeds before sowing. 15-20 days after sowing, if white fly is present in the field, use Imdachloropid at the rate of 0.2 ml per liter of water. Repeat this spraying after 15-20 days.
Harvesting and threshing:- When the pods of moong turn black and dry up, the crop should be harvested. There is a fear of cracking of beans if they are over-dried. The seeds are separated from the pods by a thresher or by a stick.
things to note
While choosing the field, make sure that there is no water logging in the selected field.
Get the soil and irrigation water of the selected field tested.
Select high quality species for sowing and purchase certified seeds from appropriate places.
Use appropriate amount of seed for sowing.
D.A.P. Use gram flour only.
Must do soil and seed treatment.
After first irrigation (25 days after sowing, if required), weed the field thoroughly and destroy insects using insecticides.
Pay more attention to pest control.
The field should remain weed free.
Store the crop at the right place and make sure that the moisture in the seed is low.
Murlidhar Aski, Gyan Prakash Mishra, Harsh Kumar Dixit, Prachi Yadav, Dilip Kumar and Akanksha Singh
Division of Genetics,
ICAR- n Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012
English Summary: Moong Ki Kheti Published on: 13 April 2018, 11:43 IST