Many people like gardening at patio, and it’s easy to learn why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and methods to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some useful home gardening advice in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
The place of origin of Kiwi fruit (Chinese Gooseberry) is China, since last few decades this fruit has become popular all over the world. New Zealand is famous for Kiwi fruit, because this country has given commercial form to Kiwi fruit, as a result production and export is very high in New Zealand. Kiwi fruit was first planted in Bangalore in 1960 in but did not get success due to Bangalore’s climate not being favorable for kiwi fruit. In the year 1963, saplings of seven species of kiwi were procured and planted at National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Institute, Fagli, Shimla, where successful production was achieved from these kiwi plants.
benefits of consuming kiwi fruit
Kiwi fruit is very tasty and nutritious. Vitamin C is found in very high quantity in this fruit and in addition to this, vitamin B, phosphorus, potassium and calcium elements are also found in this fruit. It is advised to eat kiwi in case of dengue fever.
Suitable Climate for Kiwi Fruit Cultivation
Kiwi fruit is a deciduous plant and it can be successfully grown in the intermediate regions in the state of Uttarakhand up to an altitude of 600 to 1500 meters. Flowers come in Kiwi in the month of April and at that time the outbreak of frost hinders the formation of fruits. Therefore, in areas where there is a problem of frost, there is difficulty in horticulture of this fruit, those areas whose temperature remains less than 35 degrees in summer and strong winds blow are suitable for planting. For Kiwi, there should be complete arrangement of irrigation in the dry months of May-June and September-October.
Varieties of Kiwi
There are two types of male and female varieties in Kiwi fruit. Allison, Mutwa and Tamuri are male varieties. Avott, Allison, Bruno, Hayward and Monty are the main female varieties. Among these, Haward is the most advanced variety of New Zealand. Allison and Monty, whose sweetness is maximum, have been found suitable.
Drawing and Planting
• Before planting the saplings, make a drawing in the field. Keep Kiwi plants 6 x 3 meters i.e. 3 meters from line to line and 6 meters from plant to plant in the line.
Pits and places of 1x1x1 meter size should be dug in summer and left open for 15 to 20 days so that the insects die due to the strong heat of the sun.
• At the time of digging the pit, first dig up to 6″ of the top soil and keep it separately, this soil contains more organic matter, while filling the pit, this soil is mixed with the soil of the entire pit, after that a part of well rotten cow dung is added. Manure or compost mixed with Trichoderma should also be mixed in the soil and the pits should be filled up to a height of about 20 to 25 cm from the surface of the ground so that the soil of the pits settles properly and reaches the surface of the ground before planting the saplings. .
• Plants are planted after winter in January-February or in the beginning of spring.
• Plant the plants in the middle of the filled pits. Press the soil around the plant well. Make sure to irrigate the plants.
• Kiwi plants are monoecious in which female and male flowers come on different plants, so it is necessary that there is a male plant for pollination among a certain number of female plants. 1:6 1:8 Or plants should be planted in the ratio of 1:9.
Planting scheme of male and female plants
female plant- O
Male Plant – X
manure and fertilizers
The growth and production of kiwi fruit plants depends on the right amount of fertilizers.
method of irrigation
There should be complete arrangement of irrigation in the dry months of May-June and September-October. If there is no irrigation at this time, then the growth and production of the plants gets affected.
Kiwi yield and price
Usually after 10 to 12 years, one tree yields up to 1 quintal of kiwi. Even if small kiwis are separated according to their size, 60 kg kiwis are obtained. Kiwi costs around Rs 160 in the market. In such a situation, on an average, more than 9 thousand rupees are available from one tree. Please tell that about 125 plants are planted in 1 hectare.
Harvesting and marketing of fruits
The average yield of kiwi fruit has been found to be 50-100 kg per plant. Fruits should be plucked only at the right ripe stage which falls in October-November. At the time when Kiwi fruit is ready, due to the absence of fresh fruits in the market, the farmer can get a lot of economic benefit. It can be easily kept safe for 4 months in cold storages. There is no harm in sending the fruits far away, because Kiwi fruits are more durable.
Subsidy on Kiwi horticulture
National Horticulture Board 74/B Phase 2, Pandit Wari, Rajpur Road, Dehradun. Phone number- 01352774272, 01352762767, from here you can get 40% grant by getting the project done. The Horticulture Department gives an additional grant of 20% on completion of the project. Apart from this, technical information related to Kiwi horticulture can be taken from Pandit Kundan Singh Panwar. Mobile Number- 7895895675
English Summary: Kiwi gardening: Government gives subsidy on Kiwi gardening Published on: 26 August 2020, 04:09 IST