Many people like gardening at home, and it’s easy to understand why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and methods to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some helpful home gardening advice in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
As the winters come, the memory of guava also starts coming. Guava is a popular fruit of , which is known as Guava in English. Guava has its own importance in horticulture. Due to being beneficial, cheap and available everywhere, it is also called the apple of the poor. It is rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin B, Calcium, Iron and Phosphorus.
It is the fourth crop grown in . At the same time, it is cultivated all over the country. Apart from Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, it is also cultivated in Punjab and Haryana. In Punjab, guava is cultivated in an area of 8022 hectares and the average yield is 160463 metric tonnes. This is the reason why guava horticulture is being done in full swing these days.
In such a situation, if you also want to cultivate guava or want to get complete information about it, then this article of Krishi Jagran is for you only-
Guava is a hardy type of crop and all types of soil are suitable for its production. Which includes light to heavy and low drainage soil. Plow the field twice diagonally and then level it. Prepare the field in such a way that water does not stagnate in it. For good yield, it should be sown in deep soil, sandy loam soil with good drainage.
Climate for Guava Cultivation
Guava gardening can be done in both hot and dry climates. The temperature of 15 to 30 centigrade is suitable for its gardening. It can be successfully cultivated in areas where there is 100 to 200 cm of rainfall in a year.
Method and time of sowing
August-September or February-March is the most favorable time for guava gardening. It can be grown in any part of except Jammu and Kashmir. Guava gives good yield in rainy days. Keep a distance of 6×5 meters for planting there. If the plants are planted in a square manner, then keep the distance of plants 7 meters. 132 plants can be planted per acre.
25 cm to the roots. Should be sown at a depth of up to
– by direct sowing
– by transplanting in the field
Guava flowers start bearing fruits after 2-3 years of sowing. It should be harvested after the fruits are fully ripe, after fully ripening, the color of the fruits starts turning from green to yellow. Fruits should not be allowed to over-ripen, because over-ripening affects the taste and quality of the fruit.
Pest Control in Guava
The outbreak of pests and diseases in guava mainly occurs in the rainy season. Due to which both the growth of plants and the quality of fruits are adversely affected. The main pests of this tree are bark-eating insects, fruit borers, fruit flies, branch borers etc. To avoid the outbreak of these pests, neem leaves should be boiled and sprinkled in water. If necessary, the plants infected with pests should be destroyed.
The main diseases of guava are Utha disease, stem cancer etc. Soil moisture also helps in spreading the disease. Diseased plants should be immediately removed and destroyed. Stem cancer (Physelospora) is caused by a fungus. To prevent this, the diseased branches should be cut and a net should be laid and the cut part should be closed by applying grease.
Improved varieties of Guava
It is very important to choose varieties for guava gardening. Farmers should always choose varieties keeping in mind the climate, soil, market. Allahabadi Safeda, Sardar 49 Lucknow, Apple like Guava, Allahabadi Surkha etc. Apart from this, there are varieties like Chittidar, Red Fleece, Dholka, Nashik Dhardar etc. Allahabadi Safeda is best for gardening. Sardar-49 Lucknow is proving to be the best from commercial point of view. Allahabadi Surkha is a new variety of guava. This species has evolved as a natural mutant.
Profit from guava farming
Let us tell you that by cultivating guava, farmers get production from 8 to 15 tons per hectare. There is no problem in selling guava in the market. In such a situation, farmers can earn an income of up to 2-3 lakhs per hectare by cultivating guava.
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English Summary: method and benefits of cultivating guava Published on: 01 November 2021, 02:07 IST