Modern horticulture of mango, suitable varieties and method of plant preparation Gardening Tips For Beginners

Many people like gardening at kitchen, and it’s easy to learn why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and methods to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some useful home gardening advice in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.


Mango, known as the king of fruits, is an important fruit of Haryana region. Its cultivation is mainly done in: Ambala, Kurukshetra, Karnal, Sonipat and Jind districts. Due to its superior taste, it is liked by people of all ages and classes. Ripe mango fruit is considered to be invigorating and refreshing. It has strong antioxidant, anti lipid peroxidation, cardiotonic, hypotensive, wound healing, antidegenerative and antidiabetic properties. According to Ayurveda, different parts of the mango tree have different medicinal properties. The smoke emanating from its burning leaves provides relief from hiccup and sore throat. A substance called tannin is found in the bark of mango plant, which is used for dyeing.

land and climate

Mango is a tropical and sub-tropical fruit, which can be grown up to an altitude of 1400 meters above sea level. Avoid high humidity, heavy rain or cold during its flowering period. The most suitable temperature for mango growth and getting good yield is 22 to 27 degree Celsius. Rain is very beneficial at fruit maturity to improve the size and quality of the spread. Mango can be grown in different types of soil. Alluvial soil whose ph value is between 6.5 to 7.5. The best soil is considered for the growth of mangoes. Apart from this, the mango tree can tolerate alkaline soil.

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Planting time, method and distance between plants

Mango farming in is a good long term agribusiness. Generally, the planting time of mango depends on the amount of rainfall in the area. Planting takes place at the end of the rainy season in places with sufficient rainfall, while in areas with less rainfall or irrigation, planting is done during February and March. Before planting, the field is made level by plowing well. After this, pits of 1×1 meter depth are dug at the prescribed distance before the rains and the top soil is filled again by adding one-third of cow dung manure. For treatment of ants, 200 to 250 grams of Aldracus dust can be mixed in the pits. Saplings are planted in pits prepared in this way during monsoon. Depending on the different climatic conditions and the technology adopted, mango plants are planted at the following distances. Generally, the distance between the plants of Dussehri, Chausa, Langda, Ramkela is kept 10×10 meters. Apart from this, the distance of plants of Amrapali variety is kept at 2.5×2.5.


raising new plants

The veneer cutting / wedge grafting method is the simplest method for preparing mango plants. For this the pen (sign) should be chosen carefully. The thickness of the pen should be equal to that of the rootstock, as well as that of the stem on which flowering has come. Leaves are removed from it 7 to 10 days before taking the pen. By doing this the buds will bloom and there will be more success in grafting. The time from March to September is considered the best time to plant the plant.

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Mango Varieties

Dussehri- It is also fondly called sucking mango by children. Its fruits are small and oval in shape. Its rind is thick and smooth on average, anus yellow, fiberless. The taste of this variety is very sweet and aromatic. Due to its thick peel, the fruit can be kept for a long time.

Langda- Fruits of this variety are medium in size, but their peel is thick and green on average, the anus is hard and fiberless. It is a very sweet and aromatic fruit. The size of its kernels is medium. This variety gets ready by ripening in July.

Chausa- When everyone thinks that the mango season is coming to an end, Chausa variety of mangoes flood the market. These mangoes have incredibly sweet flesh and bright yellow skin. This variety of mango ripens in late July and August.

Fajli- The size of this variety of mango is large and the peel is thick on average. Its anus is hard and fiberless. The kernel size of its fruit is on average large. This variety of mango gets ready after ripening in August.

Apart from this, in view of different climatic conditions in different regions of , the following varieties of mangoes are cultivated.

Punjab: Dussehri, Langra, Chausa, Malda

Uttar Pradesh: Bashrambe Green, Dussehri, Langra, Safeda Lucknow, Chausa, Fazli

Himachal Pradesh: Chausa, Dussehri, Langra

Madhya Pradesh: Alphonso, Bashrambe Green, Dussehri, Langda, Sundari, Fazli, Neelam, Amrapali, Mallika

Gujarat: Alphonso, Kesar, Rajpuri, Vanraj, Totapuri, Dussehri, Langda, Neelam

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Plants are normally irrigated at an interval of 4 to 5 days during initial rains, but irrigation should be given at an interval of 2 to 3 days during extremely dry weather. For plants in the age group of 5 to 8 years, the irrigation interval is kept at 10 to 15 days. 2 to 3 irrigations are given when the mature tree has set fruit. As a result, the yield and quality of fruits increase.


Mango is an evergreen plant, which requires very little cutting and pruning. The young plant is pruned in the early years of planting by removing side branches up to a height of one meter from the ground level. Also the side branches are allowed to grow beyond a height of 1 meter.

plant income

cow dung manure (kg)

Urea (kg)

Super Phosphate (kg)

muriate of potash


1 to 3 years

05 to 20

0.100 to 0.200

0.250 to 0.500

0.175 to 0.350

4 to 6 years

25 to 50

0.200 to 0.400

0.500 to 0.750

0.350 to 0.700

7 to 9 years

60 to 90

0.400 to 0.500

0.750 to 0.1000

0.700 to 0.1000

over 7 years





English Summary: Modern gardening of mangoes, suitable varieties and method of plant preparation Published on: 13 October 2020, 03:35 IST