Many people like gardening at patio, and it’s easy to learn why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and tactics to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some helpful home gardening advice in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
Fruit Gardening Method
Grape gardens and fields have also been saturated with the fruits prepared in this season such as ber, kinnu, lokat, cardamom, sweet lime. Today, in this special article of ours, we will introduce the readers to the fruits grown in Rabi season and the ways to take care of them-
Plum – This fruit is popular all over the country. Banarasi Kadaka, Umran, Kaithli, Kala Gora and Gola Ber are the main varieties. These varieties are considered suitable for commercial horticulture. On an adult tree of fruit, ber flowers start coming in October-November, which take the shape of fruit by December. Generally ber fruit gets ready by February-March. Ber garden can be planted in sandy, loamy, pebble or clay soil.
Farmers should adopt these tips for bumper yield of ber
For horticulture and bumper yield, farmers should plant only vegetatively prepared ber plants. From time to time farmers can do pruning for good growth of the plant. To get bumper yield of fruits from orchards, farmers can use cow dung mixed with 1/2 urea every year before the fruit season according to the age of the plants. Fly, bark eating caterpillar and fungus are the major diseases on the fruit and plant of ber. To prevent them, gardeners can use insecticides available in the markets.
Seasonal – This fruit is also known as seasonal or Musammi. Doctors recommend consumption of sweet lime juice to increase immunity. The three main species of this fruit are Jumica, Malta and Naval. The climate of north to south and central is considered most suitable for the cultivation of this fruit. Kebal with sandy loam, which is called normal soil, is considered most suitable for the cultivation of sweet lime. Although its plants can easily bear fruit in any soil.
Farmers should adopt these tips for bumper crop of sweet potato-
It is necessary to irrigate from time to time for the cultivation of sweet lime. When the plant is three years old, it starts bearing fruit. Farmers can get 20 to 50 kg of fruits from a tree when the age of the plant is five years. Farmers should avoid flood prone areas for planting trees. Farmers can use insecticides available in the market to protect plants and fruits from insects like fly, silla, lymph and caterpillar. Farmers can also use vermi or compost manure in the gardens from time to time for bumper yields.
Grapes – is first in the world in production of grapes. Commercial grape cultivation is widely done in Maharashtra. Anab-e-Shahi, Bangalore Blue, Bhokri, Gulabi, Kali Shahabi, Perleti, Thompson Seedless and Sharad are the main varieties of grapes. Pebble, sandy, smooth or shallow soil is considered suitable for transplanting grape cuttings or vines. The month of January is considered suitable for transplanting grape cuttings or vines.
Farmers should adopt these tips for bumper production of grapes-
Pandal, telephone and Babar methods are prevalent to cultivate grape vines and get fruits easily. Wire net is put on about 2.5 meter long poles for cultivating the vines by pandal method. With the help of these pillars, the vine of grapes spreads on the nets. In order to get a good crop from the vines, it is necessary for the farmers to do harvesting. Farmers irrigate immediately after harvesting. An increase in sugar and a decrease in acidity is the right time to break the bunches. Farmers can get production for 20-30 years by planting grapes once.
Lokat- This is considered an evergreen fruit. Lokat fruit orchards can be easily grown in the climate of . Its plants can grow easily even in hilly states. Bada Agra, Fire Ball, California Advance, Safeda, Matchless and Tanaka are the major varieties of Lokat. Normal fertile land is considered suitable for the production of Lokat.
Farmers should adopt these tips for bumper production in Lokat-
For horticulture of Lokat fruit, first do deep plowing of the field and then level it. It is best to plant plants at every 6-7 meter distance. Experts consider the month of September-October as the best for planting lokat seeds or saplings. Farmers can use insecticides available in the market to protect plants from insects like leaf roll, caterpillar, fungus etc. Farmers can get fruits from them after three years of planting. Average production of fruits is 7-10 quintals per acre (from 95-96 plants).
Kinnu- This is the fruit of the citrus class species. Punjab, Jammu-Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh are the major producing states of Kinnow in North . It is cultivated in smooth-loam, sandy-loam or acidic soil. PAU Kinnu-1 is considered the main varieties of Daisy Kinnu. Farmers can easily grow moong, urad, gram crops in Kinnow gardens as inter cropping.
Farmers should adopt these tips for bumper yield in Kinnow-
For planting Kinnow, farmers should first plow the field well and then level it. Gardeners can sow it from the beginning of monsoon till the end of monsoon.
For good yield, farmers can plant 210 plants per acre. Do not do pruning at the time of plant growth. Keep removing disease affected, withered branches from time to time. For the growth of plants, for bumper yield of fruits, farmers keep watering the garden at an interval of 2-3 weeks. Louse, Bug, Chepa and Silla are the major diseases caused to the crop. To avoid this, farmers can use pesticides.
English Summary: Rabi Season 2022: Improved horticulture methods of major fruits Published on: 10 October 2022, 05:47 IST