Summer seasonal flowers and ornamental plants Gardening Tips For New Starter

Many people like gardening at patio, and it’s easy to learn why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and tactics to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some useful home gardening information in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.

As soon as summer comes, man starts feeling dry. Because of this, its trend starts turning towards greenery. In such times, one feels like spending time sitting on the green grass of gardens and parks. There is a desire to see green plants, it gives peace to the mind and also removes mental tension. Apart from this, it is healthy to stay away from the polluted environment and stay in the midst of greenery. If there is a confluence of some colorful flowers with greenery, then the mind becomes even more happy.

To fulfill these requirements, information is being given in this article on how to maintain some of the main ornamental plants grown in summer.


Kochia is the best plant to keep the gardens, parks and surroundings green and to enjoy the greenery in the summer season. Kochia is an ornamental plant with beautiful leaves. It is a herb, which belongs to the ‘Chinopodaceae’ family. Its plant spreads up to 2-3 feet height and 1.5 feet width.

Kochia plant is beautiful, attractive and very attractive. It is shaped like a dome, which is filled with thin long dense leaves of light green color from bottom to top. By stroking the leaves, it seems as if you are stroking a soft carpet. The botanical name of Kochia is ‘Kochia scaparia’. Its other name is also ‘Kochia trichophylla’. In English Kochia is called ‘Summer Cypress’ and Burning Bush. Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is an evergreen dome-shaped plant, which is called ‘Saro’ in Hindi. Its green-thin cut leaves are very beautiful. Since the shape of Kochia plant is similar to it but it is grown only in the summer season, hence it is named as Summer Cypress in English. Apart from this, its plant stands like a small tower, which is of sloping shape with ups and downs, hence it is also named as ‘Belbadiar (turret)’.

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Kochia plants remain very green throughout the summer season. If they are taken care of, they continue to run even till the rainy season. Some time before the end of the rainy season, a slight part of copper color appears in the greenery of its leaves. After this, the whole plant is filled with small flowers of red-purple color. That’s why it has been named ‘Burning Bush’ in English. It has the ability to tolerate high temperatures. There is another caste of Kochia, whose name is ‘Kochia childsize’. Its plant is relatively small which grows only up to a height of 1.5-2 feet and it always remains green.

Use and production of kochia in landscaping

Kochia plants can be planted in the ground or in pots. For planting it, pots of size 9-10 inches should be used and only one plant should be planted in one pot. To plant it in the ground, it can be planted alone or on the side of the path in a corner or anywhere. Permanently this plant can also be planted as a bush or hedge. For the good growth of Kochia, composted, well-drained loam or sandy loam soil and a lighted place are required. Its sowing should be done in the nursery in the month of February. When the plants become 3-4″, then they should be planted at a suitable place. Sometimes they become very large if there is a favorable environment for separate plants. Its plants can tolerate sunlight and shade equally. You can enjoy greenery and decoration by keeping its pots in the lobby, on the stairs and on the balcony and windows and in front of the door at a suitable place.


Parchulaca is one of the main plants in summer flowering plants. It is a spreading plant that grows up to a maximum height of 5-6 inches. Its twigs are soft and pulpy. Leaves are small about 2 cm. Long, thin (2-3 mm wide) fleshy and cylindrical. The flowers appear singly on the crests of the branches of the plants. Its flowers bloom in various colors in the shape of a rose and bowl-shaped, about 1 inch wide, then they look very attractive. These flowers are of double or single petals which bloom in red, pink, orange, yellow, vermilion, light pink and purple colours. Some varieties of petals also have ridges and stripes, due to which the beauty of the flower increases even more.

Parchulaka is a herbaceous plant of the genus Alleraceae, which belongs to the family ‘Parchulacaceae’. Its plant is annual, which is planted in February-March. Propagation of plants is done by seeds and cuttings. When the twigs of the plant spread, when they come in contact with the ground or the soil of the pot, the roots from its knots automatically swell, due to which the pot and the whole land are filled with the twigs and flowers of the plant. Its flowers keep blooming throughout the summer season. If left alone, they survive even in the rainy season.

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Its seeds are very fine. They should be carefully sown in the nursery beds in the month of February, after which they should be planted when they are 1-2 inches. Parchulaka flower blooms in the sun when the sun rises and then closes in the evening or when it becomes cloudy. For this reason it is also called ‘sun plant’. It is also called Plovering Purslane i.e. Flowering Purslane or Flowering Purslane.

use of parchulaka in landscaping

Its plant should be planted at a place where sunlight reaches. For this, the soil should be compost-rich, well-drained but moist. Its plants have a lot of ability to tolerate heat and cold. Parchulaka can be planted in garden beds, on the sides of paths and curbs, to cover empty spaces and also in rockeries. You can also beautify the place by planting them in pots and hanging baskets.


Evergreen is a herbaceous plant of Apocynaceae family. Its name in English is Periwinkle. It is also called Sada-Suhagin. The main reason for this is that if once its plant is planted, then in every season, a few flowers always bloom throughout the year. Evergreen plants are mainly laden with flowers only in summer and rainy season. Still, due to the availability of flowers throughout the year, according to the availability of space in their residences, people definitely plant its plants in flower beds, pots or other available places. Although the pinka plant lasts for many years, but as an annual seasonal plant, it can be planted only in the summer season, while there is often a lack of flowers in the summer season. They can also be applied only for the rainy season. The flower of Vinca is flattened which spreads around in a circle of 1-1.4 inches. It usually has 5 petals, which are thinner towards the base and wider towards the crest. The basal parts of the petals are about 1 inch long and 2 mm. They are kept on broad green tubular stalks in such a way that a small hole is visible in the center of the flower, due to which the beauty of the flower increases further.

The two major castes of Wikana are ‘Rojia’ and ‘Alva’. The flowers of Vikana Rosea are pink and those of Vikana Alva are white. Their plants grow up to a height of 1.5-2 feet. Its leaves are about 3.5 inches long and 1.25 inches wide, oval, bright dark green in color. The stem and twigs of the plant are pinkish in Vica rosea and light in color (green) in Vica alba. Two other species of Vikan dynasty are also found, they are also planted in gardens for decoration. They are Wicca Major and Wicca Minor. The flowers of Vikana Major are big and pink in colour, but they look good only in mountainous areas. Its plants are found more in the Himalayan hills. Vika Minor is called Lesser Periwinkle in English. Its roots and leaves are also used as medicine for dysentery, diarrhoea, piles related diseases. Propagation of Viccan plants is done by seeds.

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Gaillardia is a tissue flowering plant for planting in the summer season. In English it is called ‘Blacket Flower’. It is a plant of composite family. Its botanical name is Gailardia Palanchella. Its propagation is done in the nursery by seeds in the month of February-March. After one month, the prepared plants should be planted in the beds at a distance of 9-12 inches. Its flowers bloom throughout the summer and for a long time and keep on blooming.

Its plant is herbaceous which grows up to a height of 1.5 -2 feet. Its leaves are long and green in colour. Its flowers are 2-2.5 inches wide and filled with numerous tubular, cup-like thin petals around the roundness. The petals of the flowers are reddish, copper-coloured, yellow, brown, orange and bi-coloured. There are 2 types of Gaillardia flowers. The flowers of Gaillardia pulchella picta are single petaled and those of Goulardia pulchella lorgiana are double petalled. If you keep separating the dry flowers of its plants regularly, then the Gaillardia plants planted in the summer season continue to enjoy the beauty of their flowers even in the rainy season. There are also perennial varieties of Gaillardia, in which the Grandiflora variety is the main one. Its plants can beautify and beautify the place by planting it in pots, in gardens, on the side of roads, in rockeries, in vases. Gaillardia plants do best in well-lit open spaces. Perennial plants can also be planted on hilly landscape.

Babita Singh, Ritu Jain, S.S. Sindhu and A. Of. Tiwari

Floriculture and Landscaping Division

ICAR, Pusa, New Delhi-110012

English Summary: Summer seasonal floral and elegant plants Published on: 29 March 2019, 10:49 IST