Many people like gardening at patio, and it’s easy to understand why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and tactics to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some helpful home gardening information in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
is considered a tropical country. Which means a country where there is sunlight every month. That is why the soil, fertilizer, environment of our country is different from each other in every state. There is diversity in every particle here. For this reason, which crop should be grown which can grow in all types of soil and can give benefits. So there is a name in it, Javera can be cultivated in any kind of way that can be grown in different climates. Suitable for beds, pots, borders and rock gardens
Method of Gerbera cultivation:
Land and preparation
5.5 to 6.5 PH sandy loam land, good drainage system for the roots, the height of the beds can be kept at least 45 cm, width 60 cm and length 4 to 5 meters according to your requirement. It would be better if a 30 cm wide path is left between the beds.
Green house or shade net for production-
Green house or shade net, whatever you use, keep its height at least between 7-8.5 so that there is no obstruction in air circulation. To protect the plants from rain, it is necessary to cover the shade net with polythene from above. The optimum temperature for flowering is 23°C. 25 to 27 degree temperature is suitable for opening of leaves. Temperatures below 15°C and above 35°C are harmful to flowers. 70-75 percent humidity is necessary inside the green or shade house.
Planted at 37.5 cm from line to line and 30 cm from plant to plant while transplanting should remain 1-2 cm above the ground. The soil should not break near the root. After transplanting, maintain moisture at the rate of 80 to 90 percent for 4 to 6 weeks.
Irrigate through drip irrigation only. Each plant should have a dripper, so that proper amount of water or nutrients can be given. Irrigation should always be done after observing the moisture condition. Always irrigate before noon. Too much water can be harmful. The moisture should not be more than 60 to 72 percent.
In the first 3 months after transplanting, apply NPK 20:20:20 @ 0.4 gm mixture per plant at 1 day interval. After flowering, give NPK 15:8:35 in the form of solution at 0.4 gm per plant with an interval of 1 day. If the symptoms of deficiency are visible, use dry elements also once a month.
It is a crop of 24 to 30 months. Breakable flowers are ready after 7-8 weeks of transplanting. Average production 240 flowers per square meter. (6 plants/m²). By cutting the flowers after 2-3 rounds of petals have bloomed, they can be kept in the vase for a long time. The flowers should be cut during early morning or late evening. Immediately after harvesting, the flowers should be kept in a pan at 14-15 degree temperature for 4-5 hours. The length of the stalk of good flowers should be 45-55 cm, the diameter of the flower should be 10-12 cm.
Pests and their treatment-
White fly is the biggest threat to these flowers. Therefore, for its treatment Rogar 2 ml. or Imidaclorprid 0.5 ml. And 2 ml of Nimazole. Spray at that rate. Chlorpyriphos 1 ml for the control of leafminer insect. With this Dichlorvas 1 ml. Spraying should be done at the rate of per liter. Imidaclorprid 0.5 ml for the control of Thrips. Or monocrotophos 2 ml. Spray at the rate of per liter.
For the treatment of diseases-
For root rot disease, spray Carbendazim at the rate of 2 grams or Kapton at the rate of 2 grams per liter. For the treatment of powdery mildew, spray sulfur at the rate of 1.5 grams or karathen at the rate of 0.4 grams per liter.
English Summary: The diversity of our country is gourmet cultivation Published on: 07 June 2018, 06:23 IST