Many people like gardening at balcony, and it’s easy to understand why. Growing your own flowers, herbs, and veggies may be a fulfilling activity that makes you feel accomplished and satisfied. There are many tips and methods to help you get the most out of your gardening efforts, whether you are an experienced gardener or are just getting started. We’ll provide you some helpful home gardening information in this post to get you started on your gardening adventure. These suggestions can assist you in quickly growing a wholesome and fruitful garden, from picking the ideal area to harvesting your plants at the ideal moment.
The Marwar region of Rajasthan has a special identity in the world because of its delicious food, whether it is the salty bhujia of Bikaner or Rasgulla or Mirchi Bade and Kachori of Jodhpur, a special picture emerges. On the other hand, spices are also cultivated in this area. Nagaur district of the state is known worldwide for one such spice cultivation and that is Kasuri fenugreek cultivation.
Doctors and scientists also recommend the use of Kasuri fenugreek for the treatment of many diseases. This fenugreek, rich in many medicinal properties, has been used since ancient times to relieve stomachache as well as constipation and as a tonic.
The multipurpose leaves of fenugreek, along with being beneficial for health, also play a special role in making food tasty. Due to the special smell and taste, fenugreek is used in vegetables, paranthas, khakhra, naan and many other types of food.
This famous fenugreek of Nagaur has made its mark in the international business world as a delicious spice. Now people have started using fenugreek with brand name.
From the point of view of health, fenugreek is rich in vitamin A, calcium, iron and protein. Baldevram Jakhar, a farmer from Kisan Seva Samiti, Merta, says that once upon a time this fenugreek used to grow only in Kasuri area of Pakistan, due to which it got its name Kasuri methi. Gradually, it started growing on the land of Nagaur, which spews gold in the form of a crop.
Today the situation is such that Nagaur has become the biggest district producing Kasuri fenugreek in the world. The fenugreek markets here have created a separate place for themselves on the world business platform. Nagaur’s Kasuri Methi is sold not only in the country but also in foreign countries.
According to Banwari Lal Agarwal, a fenugreek trader from Nagaur, “Many spice companies have introduced Kasuri fenugreek to the world. Dozens of spice companies of the country buy Kasuri fenugreek and do business in the country and abroad. This is the reason why this fenugreek has been commercialised.
Areas spread over a distance of 40 kilometers from Nagaur district headquarters, especially Kuchera, Ren, Mundwa, Athiyasan, Kharda and Chenar villages, have maximum production of fenugreek. Sweet water is best for fenugreek crop. Smooth and black soil is good for its cultivation.
Kasuri fenugreek crop is sown in the month of October. After 30 days, its leaves become worth plucking for the first time. After this, new leaves are plucked after every 15 days.
Farmers pluck the leaves of each fenugreek plant with their hands. In local parlance, the work of plucking fenugreek leaves is called salting or drying. The leaves plucked for the first time are good in terms of taste and quality.
Presently hybrid seeds are used the most in fenugreek production. The farmers here know it by the name of Kashmiri. It takes the most effort to remove Kasuri fenugreek, because the leaves of each plant have to be plucked by hand.
how to do farming
Many varieties of fenugreek are found in . Some of the improved varieties are Champa, Desi, Pusa Alvinchira, Rajendra Kanti, Hinsar Sonali, Pant Ragini, Kashmiri, IC 74, Coimbatore 1 and Nagaur’s Kasuri Methi.
For its good cultivation, it is important to pay attention to these things:
Climate and land: Kasuri fenugreek cultivation requires a temperate climate, in which mild heat is available for seed germination, coolness for plant growth and hot weather for ripening. By the way, this fenugreek can be grown in all types of soil, but sandy or loamy soil is perfect for good yield.
Apart from this, by giving 50 kg nitrogen, 40-40 kg phosphorus and potash per hectare, the yield increases. Remaining half quantity of Nitrogen and full quantity of Phosphorus and Potash are given before sowing. The remaining nitrogen is given in 2 times at an interval of 15-15 days.
Sowing: If Kasuri fenugreek is to be grown in the form of seeds, then it is sown from mid-September to November. But if it is to be grown for green vegetables, then it can be sown from mid-October to March. By the way, in order to get good yield, it is mostly sown in Nagaur area between October to December.
It should be sown in lines. Line to line distance should be kept 15 to 20 cm and depth 2 to 3 cm. The accumulation of seeds at a greater depth is not good.
After sowing the seeds, make sure to apply a pate, so that the seeds are covered with soil. This fenugreek gets frozen in 8 to 10 days.
Irrigation: When the Kasuri fenugreek plants become of 7-8 leaves, then the first irrigation should be done. This time may vary according to the condition of the field, type of soil and seasonal rains etc. For harvesting more green leaves, the number of irrigation can be increased.
Protection of the crop: In Kasuri fenugreek, white powder appears on the leaves and stems and the leaves turn pale yellow. For protection, make a solution of 800 to 1200 grams of Blitox per hectare in 500-600 liters of water and sprinkle it on the plants.
To protect the leaves and stems from the weevil, dissolve 2 ml of Rogar in 200 liters of water and spray on the crop. Spray 5 to 7 days before harvesting.
Harvesting: Kasuri fenugreek is ready for harvesting as a green vegetable after 3-4 weeks of sowing. Later harvesting is done every 15 days till flowering. For seed production, harvesting should be stopped after 2nd harvest.
Yield and Storage: The average yield of fenugreek is 80 to 90 quintals per hectare for vegetable and 15 to 20 quintals per hectare for seed. For green vegetable, dried fenugreek leaves can be stored for one year and seeds can be stored for 3 years.
Significantly, Kasuri fenugreek seeds are also used as a spice.
English Summary: KASOORI METHI Published on: 19 April 2018, 04:37 IST